Day Three: Wednesday, January 9
Session WE2A: Working Smarter: Metrics for Project Delivery
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU ICC CEUs: .15
10:15 am – 10:45 am
Tomorrow's Workflows Today: Augmenting BIM, Project Delivery and Operations Workflows to Support Smart City Assets
Dr. Joe Manganelli, Architect, Human Factors Consultant, xplr design, llc, Fluor Enterprises, Inc. and Kent State University School of Information
Buildings are designed, built and operated to support, enhance and optimize human and organizational performance in pursuit of human and organizational goals in order to address human and organizational needs. Yet, often the interrelationships between human and organizational performance and facility performance are underdeveloped and based on unvalidated assumptions, leading to building performance misaligned with human and organizational performance. This misalignment of human and organizational performance with building performance causes inefficiencies and nuisances. But as we transition to creating and operating facilities as smart city assets, with increasingly complex and interconnected layers of sensing, analytics, communication and self-optimization, these misalignment challenges will become unacceptable and dangerous, just as semi-autonomous vehicles with automated functions that are not aligned with the human and social dynamics of driving are useless and dangerous. To address these misalignment challenges, architecture/ engineering/ construction/ owner/ operator (AECOO) professionals must augment their workflows to model information about human and organizational performance in relation to building systems performance. This presentation will introduce constructs and methods from the aerospace, defense and automotive industries that address these challenges. Attendees will be introduced to modeling human and organizational performance, socio-technical systems, formal requirements development and multi-objective optimization as parts of enhanced building information modeling (BIM), project delivery and operations workflows.
10:45 am – 11:15 am
Standardize Virtual Design and Construction Performance Metrics and Key Performance Indicators
Dr. Calvin Kam, PhD, AIA, PE, LEED AP, Adjunct Professor, Center for Integrated Facility Engineering, Stanford University
Tony Rinella, Senior Director, Strategic Building Innovation • bimSCORE
Professionals, projects and organizations require effective, quantifiable and consistent metrics to identify opportunities for continuous improvement. Since 2008, the Center for Integrated Facility Engineering (CIFE) has worked with 1000+ professionals and collected 500+ metrics being used in their respective projects. CIFE has studied 600+ performance indicators used by industry professionals and streamlined the indicators pool into 18 project key performance indicators (KPIs) by multiple evaluation criteria. The research recommends KPIs that are readily applicable across projects and can help organizations identify opportunities based on industry benchmarks. This presentation will share insights into the development of performance metrics and KPIs for building information modeling, lean integration and virtual design and construction that correlate to project and organization performance outcomes. The research offers the industry a standardized KPI framework to select critical metrics and leading performance indicators.
11:15 am – 11:45 am
Data, Cost Predictions and International Standards—Case of International Construction Measurements Standards (ICMS)
Dr. Anil Sawhney, Director of Infrastructure Sector, RICS
The globalization of the construction business has increased the need to make meaningful comparative analysis between projects and sectors in different countries, not least by international organizations such as the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, various regional development banks, non-governmental organizations and the United Nations. Consistent practice in presenting construction costs globally will bring benefits to construction cost management. The International Construction Measurement Standards (ICMS) are a consistent method for presenting costs with one universal framework for defining, analyzing and classifying construction costs. The first edition of ICMS standardizes reporting of construction costs globally, with the aim of providing global consistency in classifying, defining, measuring, analyzing and presenting entire construction costs at a project, regional, state, national or international level. It enables better comparison that increase investor confidence. The standard harmonizes cost, classification and benchmarking definitions to enhance comparability and consistency of capital projects. The second edition of ICMS that is under preparation expands this consistent framework to the reporting of life-cycle costing for built assets. Process and practice standards, the ICMS are complemented with a data standard that allows the use of data technologies and automation in storing, retrieving and reporting of cost data.
Session WE2B: The Old and New: Two Envelope Case Studies
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
10:15 am – 11:00 am
The Whitney Museum: A Building Envelope Case Study
Georgia Ewen-Campen, RA, LEED AP, Senior Associate, Heintges Consulting and Engineers
The Whitney Museum of American Art, designed by the Renzo Piano Building Workshop in collaboration with Cooper Robertson, serves as a case study for the challenges of realizing a successful museum building with multiple custom facade systems. The high-performance building envelope was an area of critical concern during design and construction. As a world-class art museum, The Whitney had particularly stringent performance criteria in order to protect and preserve in-house collections as well as attract visiting exhibitions. As both facade consultant and enclosure commissioning authority, the engineering firm worked on the envelope from design through construction. From specifying and detailing, to reviewing contractor's submittals and witnessing performance testing, through inspecting fabrication and installation, the firm’s role was to ensure that both the architectural intent and technical requirements were accomplished. During all phases, it was critical to focus beyond the performance of individual wall systems, to the intersections between façade types, as well as to the integration with mechanical systems and building operations.
11:00 am – 11:45 am
Cast Iron: An Innovative Material in 1850, A Repair Nightmare in 2010 – Restoration of the U.S. Capitol Dome
Richard Kadlubowski, AIA, Senior Vice President and Director of Architecture, Hoffmann Architects
Since its completion in the 1850s, the U.S. Capitol Dome has undergone changes in the way cast iron components fit together. Heating and cooling modernization, successive painting programs and corrosion due to water infiltration have conspired to make cast iron plates more rigid and less able to accommodate movement than when initially assembled. When subjected to expansive or compressive forces, the cast iron units at the exterior dome were designed to relieve tension at nut-and-bolt connections. However, buildup of rust and paint at joints severely restricted movement. Cast iron is a compressively strong material, but it is brittle. Rather than bend under strain, the cast iron cracked and broke. Repairing these cracks, and preventing new ones, required innovative technology. Unlike other metals, cast iron cannot be welded, making rehabilitation especially challenging. The induced heat of welding causes changes in the material's cellular structure. To restore structural integrity while allowing for movement during thermal cycles, the project team tested a variety of cast iron repair methods before selecting a mechanical stitching technique. The presentation will explore the history and challenges of the Capitol Dome project, review fundamentals of cast iron repair and share best practices learned from this pioneering landmark restoration.
Session WE2C: Creating a Family-Centered Medical Surgical Intensive Care Unit
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
10:15 am – 11:45 am
Creating a Family-Centered MSICU
Steve Tyink, Vice President of Business Innovation, Miron Construction Co., Inc.
Shelly Button-Kollpainter, MBA, BSN, CCRN-K, Director of Acute Care, Aspirus Wausau Hospital
Renee Moe, Project Architect – Associate, Plunkett Raysich Architects, LLP
Learn how one medical surgical intensive care unit (MSICU) re-imagined the healing environment and focused the design around the family, while improving medical outcomes in the process. The MSICU at the Aspirus Wausau Hospital in Wausau, Wisconsin's journey began simply enough: to create a 16-bed intensive care unit (ICU) unit for adult surgical patients. While traditional ICU design focuses on patient care, the design process of the MSICU focused on establishing the ideal patient- and family-centered care experience. The result: an environment that enhances medical outcomes. The challenge was to create a new MSICU area and experience with access to natural daylight. The innovation teams established a list of patient future-state outcomes that foster a healing environment; improve safety and security; support caregivers' ability to respond to the patients efficiently; and create an environment centered on the family because research has shown that family presence has positive physiologic effects on ICU patients. Evidence-based care was a key focus, using strategies from the Society of Critical Care Medicine, the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses and the Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care to achieve optimal patient outcomes. The solution included adding a family care serenity space to each room. Learn how one MSICU established a thought-leading environment of healing, revolving around a family-centered design, while enhancing leading-edge medical outcomes in the process.
Session WE3A: Views from Above: Energy Storage, Tall-Wood Buildings and Roof-Top Solar
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
1:45 pm – 2:30 pm
The UL Approach Regarding Concerns for Tall Wood Buildings and Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Systems
Sean DeCrane, Manager, UL, LLC
Robert James, Global Inspection Director, Building, Fire, Life Safety and Security Industries, UL, LLC
Building construction that uses heavy timber has traditionally been limited to six stories in height, but, recently, efforts in the construction process are shifting to focus on renewable construction practices. This discussion on the expanded use of timber in the construction market has increased in the high-rise market. This presentation will review processes, including tests and resulting findings, and discuss current efforts within the International Code Council (ICC) code process in greater permitted heights and areas, including results of the International Fire Code (IFC) committee hearings. The speakers will also review questions and concerns from Underwriters Laboratories (UL) and members of the fire service, while having a discussion on potential next steps forward. Additionally, the presentation will review a second new technology trend in lithium-ion battery technology systems. Lithium-ion batteries utilize an electro-chemical technology to deliver high-energy capacities in a smaller footprint. Due to their small size, relative to their energy storage capacity, they are becoming more popular in various markets. The speakers will provide concerns of the responding fire service to these catastrophic failures and steps UL has taken, and in the process of taking, to address consumer protection and fire service response to battery product, battery-operated product and energy storage system failures.
2:30 pm – 3:15 pm
Photovoltaics and Their Impact on Roofing Assemblies
Steven J. Bohlen, PE, RRC, RWC, BECxP, Associate/Building Enclosure Specialist, Gale Associates, Inc.
As the demand for renewable energy sources is increasing and more energy programs are available, photovoltaic (PV) arrays are being installed on roof areas more frequently. Proper planning when considering installing PV arrays can greatly reduce the potential for roof leaks, voided roof warranties, structural damage and unnecessary expenses. These considerations should include evaluation of the existing roof system and planning for the installation of a roof-top PV system; selection of the appropriate PV system for the building; design of the PV system attachment to the building and roof; design of roof repairs or roof replacement in conjunction with the PV installation; maintenance of the roof and PV arrays; and evaluation of the costs associated with each phase. Specifically, the owner and designer should review the condition and warranty duration of the existing roof system, the available capacity of the existing structure; options for PV systems and attachments; roof manufacturer limitations; life safety for maintenance; fire safety; and the appropriate coordination of the various tradesmen before, during and after construction.
Session WE3B: Through Wind and Flood
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
1:45 pm – 2:30 pm
After the Storm: New Building Codes Increase Wind Resilience Post-Katrina
Chris Fennell, Chief Development and Marketing Officer, Institute for Building Technology and Safety
Blake Ratcliff, Director, Economic Development and Disaster Recovery, Institute for Building Technology and Safety
When Hurricane Katrina ravaged the U.S. Gulf Coast in 2005, it caused unfathomable damage. However, much of the wind damage throughout Louisiana could have been reduced if stronger building codes were in place. New building codes have lessened the burden of the 11 parishes most acutely affected by the hurricane. (Homes built to the new code were 65% less likely to sustain damage during hurricanes.) Louisiana gained 79 points on the Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety's Rating the States report). This presentation will describe how Louisiana’s success is translatable to other geographies. Specifically, the speakers will describe lessons learned from developing management, operational and service delivery systems for local building departments; managing relationships and enforcement issues with builders and contractors; training building department staff, contractors, builders and homeowners on code requirements and regulatory enforcement aspects; helping local jurisdiction staffs obtain nationally recognized certifications; rapidly deploying trained and certified building code professionals; and completing regulatory compliance monitoring and inspection services.
2:30 pm – 3:15 pm
Improving the Flood Resistance of Buildings
Stuart J. Ulsh, Senior Engineering Technical Specialist/Staff Vice President, FM Global
Peter Spanos, PE, CFM, LEED® AP, Project Engineer, Civil Engineering Group, Gale Associates, Inc.
Severe flooding can endanger life, but even moderate levels of flooding can lead to extensive damages and disruption of building operations. Water source contamination and inhibited access are significant problems, coupled with damages to structures and interior contents. Contaminated water can destroy electrical infrastructure, mechanical systems, etc. Business interruption can last from a few days to over a year. Due to climate change and revisions to FEMA flood maps in 2016, many buildings not previously categorized as being at risk are now categorized as subject to flooding. As a result, insurers are informing their clients of the potential risks and associated increases in flood insurance coverage, if flood mitigation procedures are not enacted. This presentation will discuss how to identify areas of facilities vulnerable to flooding, and the options and systems available to protect properties from potentially catastrophic damages to structures, building contents and impacts on building operations. The speakers will focus on addressing potential hazards at existing facilities. It is usually not as easy as building a levee around the property. Oftentimes, a hybrid solution must be developed, incorporating a variety of systems, including barriers, flood gates, deployable flood walls, backflow devices, storage tanks and ejector pumps, upgraded stormwater systems, etc.
Session WE3C: Information Management and Exchange: From Vision to Implementation
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU ICC CEUs: .15
1:45 pm – 2:15 pm
The Vision of Better Information Management
Gregory R. Collins, Director, Asset Management, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
In the United States, a more recent focus related to tangible asset management for public entities (transportation) is helping to move the alignment of typically siloed bureaucratic processes and people to a more business objective-based mentality, such that inroads into best industry practices are now better able to be implemented. From conceptual and preliminary development of plans through discussions of decommissioning assets, the insights from this "line of sight" is leading to better decision making. Whether related to rolling stock, systems, infrastructure or facilities, the asset journey focus on integrated use of various tools, like Product lifecycle management (PLM), light detection and ranging (LiDAR), building information modeling (BIM), Enterprise Asset Management (EAM), Construction Operations to Building information exchange (COBie) and others, to ensure business objectives are met efficiently and effectively results in recognizable benefits.
2:15 pm – 2:45 pm
The "People" Factor: Implementing a Data-Integrated VDCO Approach on Existing Agency Facilities
Lennart Andersson, Director of VDCO, The LiRo Group
Successful implementation of virtual design, construction and operations (VDCO) depends on the integration between technology, processes and, most importantly, people. The tools are evolving extremely rapidly— it is a tremendous effort just to keep up, let alone to implement them within complex multidisciplinary teams that often possess different agendas and perspectives. As the industry is moving towards digital interconnected workflows, it is essential to be aware of the culture and the analog traditions to evolve the processes effectively. People and processes are the crucial components in this effort. How is this done? 1) Pilot initiatives: Embrace a learning environment. Test tools, software, processes and people on a portion of project. Lessons learned. 2) Cultural change: Assess existing workflows, culture, key players. Emphasize benefits of new tools and processes in a way that is specific/relevant to the client. Generate excitement (events, staff engagement). Vertical influence, horizontal leadership. 3) Team Effort: A client-based VDCO team to spearhead change organically. Identify and Assess the client-based skillset, where gaps lie and how best to fill them. Define specific roles of the VDCO client members, provide support. 4) VDCO Standards & Specifications: Living document. Centralized location, accessible and digestible.
2:45 pm – 3:15 pm
Information Exchange Pilot Project in Army Installations
Mariangelica Carrasquillo-Mangual, Researcher Civil Engineer, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory
The use of different enterprise systems within an agency often requires manual input of similar information throughout the project life cycle. While standard language exists and is included in most projects requiring collection and delivery of information, it's been found that inconsistencies and lack of standardization during the exchange process still remains a problem for federal agencies. The absence of a standard process costs stakeholders time and money associated to hours of unneeded labor for data entry. To improve the process, a coordinated effort to collect and deliver practical, consistent and accurate digital information suitable for input into the different systems is required. A Facility Data Exchange working group was formed within the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)-Industry BIM Consortium to address this problem. The group developed a specification, Unified Facilities Guide Specifications 01 78 24.00 10: Facility Data Requirements, and a standard delivery format to facilitate identification of data requirements, as well as the collection and exchange with downstream applications. Tools were initially tested during 2017 on three Army installations. Project results identified gaps within the facility turnover process and confirmed the need for coordination among existent specifications and cohesive guidance regarding data requirement and delivery. The project also significantly influenced the publication of USACE Engineering and Construction Bulletin 2018-6, which mandates UFGS 01 78 24.00 10.
Session WE4A: From Data to Practice: An Evidence-Based Framework for Occupant Health
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
3:30 pm – 5:00 pm
From Data to Practice: Creating and Evaluating an Evidence-Based Framework for Health in Buildings
Kevin Kampschroer, Federal Director, Chief Sustainability Officer, U.S. General Services Administration
Bryan Steverson, Program Advisor, Office of Federal High-Performance Buildings, U.S. General Services Administration
Ronnie Bent, Interior Designer, U.S. General Services Administration
The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) launched a Buildings and Health Program in 2015 to investigate how spatial design and the indoor ambient environment interact to affect human health. Working with research teams from the University of Arizona College of Medicine, Baylor University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) Lighting Research Center, GSA focused on the office environment as experienced, not a controlled laboratory setting. A total of 432 participants in 16 federal buildings and embassies took part in the research, which deployed both wearable and stationary sensors to assess the ambient environment and human response. RPI focused on circadian functioning and daytime alertness linked to light exposure while the University of Arizona focused on activity patterns, stress and experience sampling linked to ambient conditions and workspace design. Both investigated the environmental impacts on sleep quality as a key health outcome.
GSA’s Office of Federal High-Performance Buildings will describe the key findings of the multi-year research and their implications for building design and operations, focusing on how to translate data into practical applications that can be implemented now to enhance federal employee health and well-being. GSA’s Regional Office in Chicago will describe how they are using the findings to test the effectiveness of a recently completed office renovation in the John C. Kluczynski Federal Building. The speakers will address the crucial issue of how health should be incorporated from the start into discussions about high-performance buildings. Given that people spend 90% or more of their waking hours inside buildings, the focus on their health, well-being and performance is a necessary input for sustainable building design and operations. It is especially critical to identify where sustainability and health practices overlap and can be simultaneously addressed and where strategies diverge and may even conflict with one another.
Session WE4B: Performance Metrics for Energy Efficiency
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
3:30 pm – 4:15 pm
Visualization of Passive Building Energy Performance Metrics
Alejandra Nieto, Building Science Project Manager, ROCKWOOL
Aylin Ozkan, PhD, University of Toronto
In the face of climate change, and as building codes and standards evolve to promote increased building energy efficiency and reduced carbon footprints, it is also important to ensure that buildings, especially housing, can withstand prolonged power outages during extended periods of both extreme cold and hot weather to provide habitable shelter passively. Most consumers and designers that are working towards high-performance buildings tend to focus on energy efficiency. However, there are other equally important considerations. One is thermal autonomy (TA), which is a measure of the fraction of time a building can passively maintain comfort conditions without active system energy inputs. Another is passive habitability (PH), which is a measure of the duration of time that a building remains habitable following a prolonged power outage over an extended period of extreme weather. Deployment of measures that address these considerations can lead to reduced dependence on the energy grid, an extended useful life of heating and cooling equipment, and enhanced indoor conditions during extreme heat and cold scenarios. This presentation will focus on going beyond the typical energy modelling exercises, and identify available tools that can assess energy behavior to reveal all the benefits of passive building measures. It also will highlight the critical measures that need to be addressed effectively to achieve high levels of thermal autonomy and passive habitability.
4:15 pm – 5:00 pm
Trust, but Measure and Verify: Why M&V is an Essential Element of Energy Efficient Design
Robert Knoedler, PE,EMP, CxA, President, Energy Management Association
A critical aspect of any energy savings program involves accurate measurement and verification of energy consumption (and demand) associated with the implemented measures. Several standards exist in this field, including the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) and ASHRAE Guideline 14-2014 – Measurement of Energy, Demand, and Water Savings. These are used to provide guidance (and a standard methodology) for determining savings associated with energy-related transactions between a utility, an energy service company (ESCO) and a client/ customer. The process includes: determining baseline performance (utility bills, simulation/modeling); estimated savings through an investment grade audit; developing a measurement and verification (M&V) plan; compiling post-implementation reports (verifying performance); and ongoing M&V. The evolution of power monitoring and submetering systems allows clients to obtain enhanced, real-time energy information, improving the accuracy of data needed to verify specific systems and performance. Additionally, incorporation of renewable energy technologies, including micro-grids, expands M&V requirements beyond pure energy consumption and cost savings, to include reducing atmospheric emissions, reduction in risks associated with fuel extraction and transportation interruptions. However, even with advancements in data collection and analysis, energy management professionals must review M&V data to assess validity, determining whether 'normalization' is required to accommodate changes in weather, building usage, system parameters, occupancy, etc.
Session WE4C: Construction, Commissioning and Collaboration: Optimizing the Process
AIA CEUs: 1.5 HSW ICC CEUs: .15
3:30 pm – 5:00 pm
BECx, Construction and Kick-Off Meetings: Optimization through Vigilance Breaks
Alexandra Connor, Building Enclosure Commissioning, Burns & McDonnell
David Meyers, AIA, PMP, CxA, National Commissioning Manager, Burns & McDonnell
Nick Thornsbury, Construction Project Manager, Burns & McDonnell
A vigilance break as defined by author Daniel H. Pink is a combination of a time-out and checklist. He wrote about this idea as implemented by an anesthesiologist to improve surgical procedures. A 3-minute break before cutting into patients translated into increased quality, declined complications, and doctors and patients becoming more at ease. This same idea is at work in the BECx process, particularly during the pre-construction kick-off meeting. It is essentially a vigilance break, creating a moment to pause and regain focus before undertaking the next milestone. The success of the building enclosure relies on cross disciplinary communication; in this session, we will discuss why it is important to invest the relatively small amount of time to bring teams together with the potential to improve the building as well as the process in getting it built. We will discuss how to prepare for an effective pre-construction kick-off meeting and what can happen when you don't.