Building Innovation 2018 Conference & Expo Tuesday Sessions

Building Innovation 2018 Conference & Expo

Conference Program Schedule

Day 2 | Day 3 | Day 4

Day Two Sessions: Tuesday, January 9, 2018

The following presentations are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

Session TU2A: Are We Resilient and Sustainable? Evaluation Tools to Make the Case

Tuesday, 10:15 am – 11:45 am
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU/HSW ICC CEUs: .15

Evaluating Resilient and Sustainable Buildings

David Fannon, Assistant Professor, Northeastern University

Resilience—the preservation of building function in the face of both abrupt shocks and protracted change—and sustainability—the reduction of adverse environmental impacts associated with building construction, operation and end of life—are both socially-desirable objectives for building. Because these objectives sometimes align and sometimes conflict (Phillips et al. 2017), the design, construction and operation of buildings must carefully weigh design options, thus demanding detailed research to make informed decisions. This presentation describes a multi-year research project by a multidisciplinary team from architecture, engineering, economics and social science to develop a framework for measuring the environmental impact of buildings through their life, quantifying the functional performance of buildings in the face of adverse events and ensuring a consistent resilience across multiple hazards. The goal of this work is to align the preservation of building function in the face of probabilistic hazards with the environmental consequences to ensure our buildings do not contract debts greater than may be paid during the course of their existence.

Focus of Resilience within Building Rating Systems (BRS): LEED 4.0 Review

Sandeep Langar, PhD, Assistant Professor, University of Texas at San Antonio

Green Building Rating Systems (BRS) such as LEED aim to alleviate the impacts of the built environment on the ecosystem. At the same time, the effects of the altering climate and recent natural disasters on the built environment, including green buildings, cannot be ignored. The presenter will discuss the goal of a study to ascertain the focus of resilience within the LEED rating system to natural hazards. For the study, the team initially identified 27 disaster types, and of those, shortlisted 14 disaster types. Two filters used to shortlist initially identified disasters: disaster type being natural, and relevance of disaster types to the built environment. The 14 shortlisted disasters were: drought, earthquake, extreme temperatures, fire, flooding, hurricane, severe storm, snow storm, straight-line winds, tornadoes, tsunami, typhoon and winter storm. After shortlisting the disasters, the team used LEED NC V4.0 as a baseline document to analyze how credit requirements within LEED V4.0 enhance building resilience towards the identified disasters. After completing the mapping for each LEED credit to the disasters, the team subjected the results of the mapping to expert reviews. The researchers were also able to identify gaps within the BRS.

Session TU2B: Managing Data Across the Facility Life Cycle

Tuesday, 10:15 am – 11:45 am

Technology-Enabled Facility Life Cycle Data Management

Kurt Maldovan, Director of VDC, Jacobs

Stephen DeVito, Director of Technology Services, Procon Consulting

Ralph Kreider, PhD, Director of Digital Facilities, MBP

This panel discussion will present how to work with owners to develop strategies to transition from documents to data and work processes to convert facility management data requirements into design and construction standards. This presentation will also use real-world examples to leverage building information modeling (BIM), model-based barcoding and mobile technologies to capture data from design, construction and commissioning and, eventually, hand over facility data for owner's operation and maintenance needs. Various trends, emerging standards, tools, techniques and work processes will be discussed.

Session TU3A: Confronting the Multiple Dimensions of Resilient and Sustainable Building Design

Tuesday, 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU/HSW ICC CEUs: .15

Confronting the Multiple Dimensions of Resilient and Sustainable Building Design

Aimee Buccellato, Associate Professor, University of Notre Dame, School of Architecture

Tracy Kijewski-Correa, PhD, Associate Professor, University of Notre Dame, Department of Civil Engineering

Alexandros Taflanidis, PhD, Associate Professor, University of Notre Dame, Department of Civil Engineering

Charles F. Vardeman, III, PhD, University of Notre Dame, Department of Computer Science and Engineering

The building industry must respond to the growing national mandate to better steward our environment, while protecting lives and property in disasters. The joint consideration of a structure's unique vulnerabilities to natural or man-made hazards and its sustainability—over the course of its lifetime or in response to a disaster—is far from trivial. The models and data necessary for this kind of end-to-end evaluation, from hazard characterization to response and projected damage/deterioration and environmental impact, engage various disciplines involved in building project delivery. These disciplinary perspectives—from the fields of architecture, structural engineering and mechanical engineering, among others—affect the conceptualization of buildings in respective modeling environments and the data sources used in their evaluation; leading, ultimately, to the notorious challenges of BIM interoperability. The presenters will discuss this project, in which the team developed a fully integrated and automated workflow for life-cycle assessment of buildings that captures the dependencies between multi-hazard resilience and sustainability, across multiple dimensions of environmental impact and across the modeling environments common to building practice using new semantic data perspectives from computer science. The presenters will introduce this end-to-end workflow, including modules dedicated to hazard characterization, response, damage/deterioration, repair and environmental impact (lifetime embodied and operating energy).

Session TU3B: Challenges and Opportunities in Regulating Existing Buildings

Tuesday, 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU/HSW ICC CEUs: .15

Challenges and Opportunities in Regulating Existing Buildings

James "Tim" T. Ryan, CBO, Code Administrator, City of Overland Park, Kansas

Cindy Davis, CBO, Deputy Director, Division of Building and Fire Regulations, VA Department of Housing and Community Development

Sara C. Yerkes, Senior Vice President of Government Relations, International Code Council

During this presentation, the speakers will discuss the increasing number of blighted or abandoned buildings in the United States and the economic impacts they have to our communities. The speakers will give examples communities that are experiencing these impacts and discuss codes written specifically for existing buildings, i.e. the International Existing Building Code (IEBC) as published by the International Code Council. The IEBC provides regulatory agencies, building owners and design professionals a single document to address repairs, alterations and changes in occupancy for our existing building stock. This portion of the discussion will include the principles of these codes including: reasonable options provided to owners of existing buildings and their designers when making alterations or additions; how these codes provide incentives to owners to keep their buildings current with contemporary safety and construction methods and practices without requiring full compliance with the more restrictive and costly codes used for the construction of new buildings; triggers within the codes that provide an incremental approach to assuring existing buildings remain viable over time; and obstacles to adoption of such codes. The speakers will provide examples of how communities are using the existing building codes successfully.

Session TU4A: Meeting High-Performance Goals through Timber Construction

Tuesday, 3:30 pm – 5:00 pm
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU/HSW ICC CEUs: .15

The Confluence of Resiliency and Sustainability: Timber's Role in Modern Urbanization

Richard McLain, Technical Director, WoodWorks

Due to their high strength, dimensional stability and positive environmental performance, mass timber building products are quickly becoming materials of choice for sustainably-minded designers. This presentation will provide an overview of the variety of mass timber products available, including glue-laminated timber (glulam), cross laminated timber (CLT) and nail laminated timber (NLT), with an emphasis on their resilience. Applications for their use in systems such as seismic post-tensioned, self-centering rocking walls; tornado and blast-resistant structures; hurricane and high wind-resisting systems; and fire and life safety elements will be highlighted. The speaker also will review environmental performance of these systems, utilizing life cycle analysis (LCA) data to compare to other building systems.

Mass Timber Construction in the USA: Lessons from Recent Research

Iain MacDonald, Associate Director, TallWood Design Institute, Oregon State University

Mass timber construction has arrived in the USA, with several tall and large-scale contemporary wood buildings appearing in Portland, Oregon; Minneapolis; Seattle; Amherst, Massachusetts; and Huntsville, Alabama. Home-grown manufacturing facilities for cross-laminated timber (CLT) and similar products have sprung up in Oregon and Montana, with several more planned in Washington and elsewhere. Although mass timber products offer a range of benefits such as excellent strength-to-weight ratios, rapid construction and unparalleled sustainability attributes, various technical questions must be answered before mass timber can move into the mainstream. The TallWood Design Institute (TDI) is a partnership between Oregon State University and University of Oregon, to bring together leading expertise in wood-based material science, engineering and sustainable architecture. Over the last 18 months it has initiated a host of new research projects examining all aspects of mass timber systems, including net-zero design, seismic performance, fire resistance, hybrid wood/concrete floor systems, indoor air quality, life-cycle analysis and post-occupancy building performance, as well as market development forecasting and manufacturing process innovation. This presentation will illustrate the emerging U.S. market for mass timber buildings and summarize major lessons learned from research at TDI and elsewhere in the United States, and the implications for designers, engineers, contractors and developers.

Session TU4B: Incremental and Holistic Opportunities to Improve Building Performance

Tuesday, 3:30 pm – 5:00 pm
AIA CEUs: 1.5 LU/HSW ICC CEUs: .15

Implementing Occupancy Sensor Lighting Controls in a Lab Classroom: A Case Study

Lonny Simonian, Professor, California Polytechnic State University

Occupancy sensors are lighting control devices that automatically turn lights on when they detect motion, and off when motion is not detected for an allotted time period. These sensors can be applied virtually anywhere, indoor or outdoor, and can provide substantial energy savings. One application that does not utilize occupancy sensors often enough is laboratory classrooms. A case study university classroom currently utilizes an outdated toggle switch system that students do not utilize properly, wasting a large quantity of energy. In this presentation, the speaker will examine the usage of the current lighting control system in this classroom, the operating cost of the current lighting system, the specifics of a proposed occupancy sensor system, the payback period of the occupancy sensor system, new industry knowledge, conclusions of the study, lessons learned and recommendations for implementing occupancy sensors. The project determined an excellent occupancy sensor system to install in this classroom; however, the precise consumption of the current lighting system was not determined due to unavailable data. Educated assumptions based on professional experiences and observations were factored into calculations. The results of the case study include a recommendation to implement a specific occupancy sensor system designed in consideration of student use.

Whole Building Energy Performance: Driving Towards Net Zero and Energy Security

Clark Denson, Sr. Building Performance Engineer, Smith Seckman Reid

Energy codes and standards, such as ASHRAE 90.1, ASHRAE 189.1, LEED v4 and 10 CFR Part 433, are changing how our buildings are designed, constructed and operate. Owners, designers and builders must have increasing familiarity with the drivers for high-performance design and the tools to achieve that performance. The federal government's goal for ever-more efficient buildings will continue to be a driver of the design and construction of facilities until net-zero energy buildings are the norm. This presentation describes the theory and case studies for a dynamic and comprehensive approach to high-performance buildings, using codes and standards as the backdrop to drive towards net-zero design. This approach includes early phase analysis of the local climate and utilization of energy modeling throughout the design process to optimize the building enclosure as well as mechanical and electrical systems. The latest industry definitions and research will be reviewed to show the elements of net-zero buildings and their feasibility. Finally, building owners can only manage to the level that their facilities are monitored, so the last section of the presentation discusses the evolution of building performance monitoring including measurement and verification (M&V) and automatic fault detection and diagnostics (AFDD).

Day 2 | Day 3 | Day 4

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