|Building Innovation 2017 Conference & Expo Program Tuesday Sessions|
Building Innovation 2017 Conference Program Schedule
Day Two Sessions: Tuesday, January 10, 2017
*The publications are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs unless otherwise noted.
Tuesday, 10:15 am — 11:45 am
From Paris to the US: Connecting up Low-Carbon, High Performance Buildings & Communities
In Paris on December 2015, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established a global architecture for the governance of individual countries' commitment to take actions to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to enhance resilience to a changing climate. The speaker will present a collaborative vision in bringing together the buildings, grid, utility and government planners with technology solutions providers to address the practical challenges and opportunities to delivering low-carbon energy, climate resilience and improved energy productivity. First presented at the Paris COP21, this discussion will reflect on the Paris Agreement outcome and the opportunities it created for further investment into low-carbon, energy-efficient and smart strategies for buildings, cities and the electricity grid. The speaker will present business perspectives of the Agreement, and a discussion on how the U.S. pledge to reduce its GHG emissions 26-28% by 2025 will impact high-performance building design, the incorporation of renewable energy, resilience and connectivity to the grid. Important policy, such as the EPA Clean Power Plan and energy efficiency legislation and regulations, as well as the American Business Act on Climate Pledge, will be discussed in terms of how they help the United States meet the GHG emissions reduction goal, and the opportunities for collaborative building design contributing to these climate-related efforts.
Design Considerations for Climate Change
The environment around us is always changing, and the impacts of climate change are becoming more noticeable. Many of us have an increased awareness of climate change due to reports like the UN Intergovernmental Panel's Report on Climate Change, and government initiatives striving to better identify human beings' continued impact on the world that we inhabit. Although humans have made many positive changes to the world we live in, we have not always realized the consequences of our actions. It has been proven that the building industry is a major contributor to climate change due to processes like material production and energy consumption. Therefore, as a part of those working on the built environment, we have the opportunity to make a greater impact on the immediate environment and global climate by changing how we design, build and operate buildings. The speaker will discuss what portions of the building enclosure may be most impacted by climate changes and how the layout of interior spaces may need to adjust accordingly. He will provide considerations for enhanced roofing and waterproofing; recommendations for improved fenestration performance; and will discuss work in progress in the United States that addresses the built environment's impact on climate.
Identifying Knowledge and Perceptions among Designers about Climate-Resilient Buildings
Designers are one of the important stakeholders in a capital project, and, in most cases, they are associated with the project team from its inception to occupancy. The level of knowledge among designers about technologies and strategies that can make a facility resilient to natural disasters can be the first step towards creating structures that are resilient to natural disasters. The need for resilient structures and communities has become more imperative with recent global trends. A research team created an electronic survey with the goal of identifying the knowledge level and perceptions among designers, which was then emailed to designers across multiple states across the country. They utilized a survey research method for this study. The overall research process of the study involved the following steps: (1) selecting the population of design firms; (2) developing the survey instrument; (3) performing cognitive interviews for instrument validation; (4) administering the survey and collecting data, and (5) analyzing the collected data. The results of the study were statistically analyzed to identify the knowledge level and perceptions about climate resilient buildings among the designers. The presenter will discuss the study results, as well as future research aimed towards finding opportunities to improve the knowledge-base among designers and, in the process, create an aware and receptive design team for resilient facilities.
Tuesday, 10:15 AM — 11:45 AM
BIM2FM: Capturing Design and Construction Information for Building Operations & Facility Management
Architects, engineers and contractors live in a model-centric world. Building owners live in an information-centric world. Most building owners are not yet ready to manage live building information models (BIM), but many are ready to manage the rich data set of information that can be extracted from models. This session explains how building owners can bridge the BIM2FM gap by specifying an electronic building information deliverable so they can receive information in a format that they can actually use in their CAFM, CMMS or IWMS systems without laborious, time-consuming and error-prone manual data re-entry.
Sustainability and Interior Design
People ultimately spend most of their time indoors, and interior design plays a significant role in helping to create functional spaces that not only create a positive environment and experience for occupants, but also contribute to the overall wellbeing and health of our planet. As our planet continues to experience climatic shifts and resource shortages, it is imperative that the built environment views construction and its systems through the lens of sustainability. Interior designers have a pivotal role in sustainable design and resource conservation. From selecting and educating others about sustainable materials and furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E) to sustainable retrofitting of interiors in existing buildings, interior designers are often the final step in ensuring healthy, green design. This session will focus on the role of interior designers in sustainable design and best practices for a holistic approach that brings builders, designers, architects and the occupants together to create the best indoor environments possible.
Realizing Effective Projects through Early Code Official Involvement
In the traditional role, early involvement of the building official (authority having jurisdiction) would have focused on regulations. That paradigm is now shifting to facilitate collaboration, with the result being successful projects. Achieving resilience in our built environment is directly related to the collaboration of all stakeholders. Engagement of all stakeholders in the early planning phase of any project is a key component to meeting the challenge of resilience, as well as high performance. To better realize that initiative, building code officials are repositioning their role from regulator to facilitator. Recognizing that the traditional model remains constant specific to the roles of all parties from the owner to the developer, designer and builder, early involvement of the regulatory official is a key component to meeting that challenge. It is that understanding of scope, performance, expectation, schedule and responsibility that is all tied to regulatory leadership. The regulatory official is positioned to redefine the role, not only as regulator, but as a facilitator to bring all stakeholders together. This session will focus on exploring the potential behind recalibrating the building official role from pre-design through completion, resulting in resilient high-performing buildings realized through a collaborative approach.
Tuesday, 1:45 PM — 3:15 PM
NIST Community Resilience Program
In this presentation on NIST's Community Resilience Program, the speaker will discuss how communities can set up their own resilience programs using collaborative engagement, aligning to resilience principles and demonstrating vision, commitment and leadership. In the United States, communities are always working to recover from disasters. They can't stop natural hazards and have only a limited ability to prevent technological and human-caused hazards, but they can prepare for hazards and minimize disastrous consequences. The extent of recovery and the ultimate outcome depend on the nature and severity of the events and the level of the community's preparedness to prevent incidents, mitigate risk, protect assets, respond in a timely and coordinated way and recover community functions. Together, these measures determine the community's resilience. Making a community more resilient is a long-term proposition. Communities can develop short, medium and long-term goals for resilience. All solutions that make communities more resilient have associated costs. Communities can limit the scope of the resilience initiatives and balance resilience plans against their available resources. Proper planning identifies gaps between desired and anticipated performance, and prioritizes solutions to address gaps. Prioritization and participation by all stakeholders help communities develop plans that can achieve their community resilience goals within their means.
Smart Digital Eco-Cities in the 21st Century
Emerging innovative technologies, including building information modeling (BIM), geospatial platforms and big data and analysis, can work at the scale of urban neighborhoods, districts, regions and cities, as well as buildings and individual components. Leading architects and urban planners are demonstrating dramatically new ways to impact the built environment, urban communities and the global environment. A quote from a 2011 brochure titled “The New Economics of Cities" stated, "Cities now represent the core hubs of the global economy, acting as hives of innovation in technical, financial and other services." So how can architects leverage their skills at design and problem-solving to establish innovative practices at the scale of neighborhoods, eco-districts, cities and regions? And how can architects make these cities smarter, more data-driven and more resilient? The presenter will explore all of these critical topics in a dynamic and interactive session. Attendees will be energized with new, vibrant ideas and exciting perspectives on design and architectural practice. There will be emphasis on collaboration and imaginative, "make no little plans" visions and solutions.
Applied Research Briefing on KPI and Smart Cities
At Stanford University's Center for Integrated Facility Engineering (CIFE), a research team is developing key performance indicators (KPIs) for innovative and industrialized construction, and a holistic framework for evaluating the interrelationship between Smart Construction and Smart Cities. Pertaining to KPI, the architecture, engineering, construction, owner and operator (AECOO) industry has adopted pools of metrics measuring broad areas of construction performance. To identify the set of measurements that are most indicative of project performance, the team is developing a CIFE Performance Dashboard with a live repository of performance indicators. Key indicators are distilled from extensive pools of metrics using statistical algorithms. Recommended indicators will be tracked on projects and the performance dashboard will help track and improve industry and project performances. Furthermore, the presenter will cover the roles that the AECOO industry can play in the Smart City movement, and opportunities to advise the industry to better embrace for some potentially disruptive innovations. He will highlight the challenges and opportunities facing the industry, as well as opportunities to help identify and prioritize construction-related Smart City attributes, and thus contribute to the formulation of a Smart City – Smart Construction evaluation framework.
Tuesday, 1:45 PM — 3:15 PM
Introducing the National BIM Guide for Owners
A carefully balanced, integrated team of building owners, Building Information Modeling (BIM) techies and facilities management gurus has worked for the past year—under the auspices of the National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Owners and Managers Association International (BOMA), Defense Health Agency and ASHRAE—to create the first National BIM Guide for Building Owners (NBGO). The NBGO project team believes that the start of 2017 would be an auspicious time for a public unveiling of the document, and they propose to showcase how the NBGO works and its backstory of encouraging building owners to own their rightful role as active members of the integrated BIM team at the Institute's Annual Conference. The NBGO defines an approach to creating and fulfilling BIM requirements for a typical project from the owner's standpoint. In this presentation, the team members will present the major construct and principles of the NBGO. In the second part of the program, NBGO facilitator Earle Kennett will moderate a spirited discussion about what owners want from the design team—and vice versa—between the panelists and the audience.
Tuesday, 3:30 PM — 5:00 PM
Collaborating to Bring Research into Design Practice
More than ever, evidence-based design and architectural research inform the design, construction and commissioning of today's high-performance buildings. In this session, Michele Russo, Senior Director of Research at The American Institute of Architects (AIA) will outline the AIA's current initiatives to empower architects to employ research in their day-to-day practices to both guide design and fulfill the increasingly savvy building owner's performance requirements. This discussion will touch on the AIA's various tools and information, such as an overview of the way that the AIA helps define research—spanning from high-rigor academic research to case studies and “problem-solving" research. In the second part of the program, Bob Payn, Director of Information Technology at the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS), will discuss and demonstrate the power of search tools that enable designers to quickly locate the research they need. The demo will include a search of the Building Research Information Knowledgebase (BRIK), a collaboration of the AIA and NIBS, and show how to apply increasingly detailed levels of search, including the subscription-based EBSCO search. Bob also will demonstrate the use of the newly launched redesign of the WBDG Whole Building Design Guide®, and explain how the two integrated tools complement each other. If time allows, the Q&A portion of the program could include searches at the audience's behest.
Improving Construction through Industrialization
Like many other industries, the construction industry is under constant pressure to improve productivity and reduce cost and waste in the operation. While productivity in the manufacturing industry has improved by four hundred percent (400%) over the last century, the construction industry's productivity has in the best case stayed flat, if not negative. One main reason for the improvement of the manufacturing and other industries' productivity is due to “industrialization." Industrialization happens through five steps that will be explained in this presentation: 1. Management of Labor, 2. Management of Work, 3. Lean Operations, 4. Modeling and Simulation, and 5. Feedback from the Source. The good news is that construction can look to other industries and history for how to weather this storm. This presentation will use lessons from history to explain how industrialization happens, how it is happening in construction and what the industrialized construction environment will require. Navigating the future will not be possible using instruments of the past. In this presentation, the speaker will provide both the outlook and recommendations for dealing with this exciting, yet challenging, time in the construction industry.
Tuesday, 3:30 PM — 5:00 PM
Advance Your Career and Improve Building Performance
High-performance buildings require the care of a workforce with advanced competencies in operations, maintenance and energy-related technologies. Training facility management (FM) staff is the most cost-effective way to improve efficiency, cost of operation and resilience. The speaker will share workforce development resources, such as competency models and career maps, being utilized by government and private entities. He will outline how to utilize these free online competency tools to build a competency-based workforce development plan that is aligned with organizational strategy and tied to key performance indicators (KPIs) to improve building performance. He will highlight the Federal Buildings Personnel Training Act (FBPTA), the Federal Facilities Skills Assessment Tool (FEDSAT), the Facilities Career Mapping Tool and Accelerate FM, and demonstrate how a competency model can become the foundation for an integrated talent management system that prepares individuals to better manage facilities. In addition, he will show how professional credentials and other related training courses are mapped to specific FBPTA competencies and prepare individuals to better manage facilities of all shapes and sizes. Attendees will walk away from this session with a much better understanding of how to create a professional development plan to build a truly high-performance team.
Serious Games and Simulations: Transforming Culture to Enhance Building Project Delivery
Lean-Integrated Project Delivery (Lean-IPD) processes have been shown to measurably improve time, cost, quality, safety and morale on building projects. However, effectively implementing Lean-IPD with stakeholders who built their careers on projects delivered in traditional ways can be challenging. Adopting lean principles within an organization requires more than a change in policy; it requires a change in stakeholders' beliefs about the value of collaboration. Serious games and simulations are increasingly being used to illustrate lean principles to project team stakeholders encountering them for the first time. Simulations are usually played under timed conditions, and metrics collected during successive rounds where the first round benchmarks performance during "business as usual" conditions. During subsequent rounds, lean interventions are introduced incrementally and the simulation repeated with metrics collected again. Stakeholders who have participated in simulations often describe an "aha" or "lightbulb" moment while playing. This presentation offers an introductory overview of commonly played lean simulations. It also provides examples of how lean principles are applied to delivery of actual building projects.
A Vision of Holistic Buildings: Planting the Seeds of Market Transformation
The North American Passive House Network (NAPHN) held its 2016 annual conference in New York, where the keynote by former Under Secretary of Education Martha Kanter launched a NAPHN initiative on workforce development for passive design buildings. NAPHN joined leaders in industry, research, policy and advocacy to explore principles for a new building standard to be developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. The new “principled" standard would project a vision of holistic buildings in the developed and developing world linked to alternative power generation and grid strategies with passive-level performance targets. And at the top of the agenda is how to craft the standard to the needs of the varied constituencies to help ensure uptake when the standards are adopted. The follow-on education efforts required would bring passive design know-how—and the seeds of market transformation—to communities around the world. The presenter will discuss how the seeds of change are being prepared for planting.