|Building Innovation 2017 Conference & Expo Program Thursday Sessions|
Building Innovation 2017 Conference Program Schedule
Day Four Sessions: Thursday, January 12, 2017
*The publications are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs unless otherwise noted.
Thursday, 10:15 AM — 11:45 AM
Incentivizing Resilience: Moving from Ideas to Impact
In the Fall of 2015, the National Institute of Building Sciences Multihazard Mitigation Council (MMC) and Council on Finance, Insurance and Real Estate (CFIRE) jointly published a white paper titled "Developing Pre-Disaster Resilience Based on Public and Private Incentivization." The premise of this paper was that the specifics of incentivization need to be tailored for new and existing construction using optimal resilience measures beyond current law or custom, and to account for hazard, risk, locality, business size and the value of resilience strategies. It suggested that incentivizing the means to achieve resilience before disasters occur must focus on monetizing the benefits for incorporating risk mitigation practices in the ordinary course of business and that participating stakeholders need sufficient confidence that using incentives to achieve resilience will justify investments, underwriting and loan and grant programs. The paper was the basis for a full-day gathering of stakeholders who met in Washington, D.C. during the Institute's 2016 Annual Conference. It also led to an opportunity for testimony before the House Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management in May of 2016 during a hearing on the rising federal costs of disaster response. This presentation will explore these and other events that have unfolded since the paper's publication, as well as lay out a path forward for building on the success of the past year.
Mitigation Still Saves: A Broader Reexamination of Public-Sector Natural Hazard Mitigation
A 2005 study by the National Institute of Building Sciences Multihazard Mitigation Council (MMC) for the U.S. Congress showed that society saves $4 for every $1 that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provided for natural-hazard mitigation. The so-called 4:1 study has become the most widely cited evidence that mitigation saves. Does the 4:1 ratio still hold? The Obama Administration wants to know, and wants to consider public-sector spending, both within grant-making and loan-making agencies, such as FEMA and the Small Business Administration (SBA), and for direct action by agencies, such as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Geological Survey. The MMC is expanding its 2005 effort to cover all U.S. public-sector natural-hazard mitigation efforts. As in 2005, the Council will address flood, wind and earthquake, but now also fire at the wildland-urban interface (WUI). It will also examine the cost effectiveness of building-code enhancements, such as the one that Moore, Oklahoma, enacted to become the first U.S. city with tornado-resistant design. MMC will quantify tangible and intangible benefits—financial, health-related, environmental and cultural. It will express results in terms of benefit-cost ratio (BCR), both overall and by various categories of effort. In response to interest by FEMA Director Craig Fugate, the Council will also quantify mitigation benefits in terms of their effect on the total cost of ownership (TCO), a measure that helps one understand, for example, how short-term cost savings may lead to substantial losses in the long term, either to the owner, society or both.
Thursday, 10:15 AM — 11:45 AM
Case Study: COBie from Design to Operations
This presentation of a case study will demonstrate how the Construction Operations to Building information exchange (COBie) can be successfully implemented in the private sector on a large scale across a broad range of facility types to achieve dramatic improvements in facility data turnover. This greenfield corporate campus consists of approximately 1.7 million square feet of Class-A improvements on a 72-acre site, including a six-story office building, several industrial buildings with multiple floors of embedded office, a climate-controlled warehouse, a parking garage, a central plant and significant site infrastructure. Eight record COBie files were generated and imported into the client's integrated workplace management system (IWMS) prior to substantial completion, allowing the FM team to query 1,600+ spaces, 1,200+ types, 14,000+ components and 8,700+ O&M documents on the first day of operations. Timely delivery of COBie data sets required active engagement by key project stakeholders over a two-year period and a shared commitment to overcome hurdles, particularly in the areas of change management and data management. Collaborators included the developer, a broad range of internal client teams, architects and their subconsultants, general contractor, subcontractors, COBie and BIM consultants.
High-Performance Collaboration: Rethinking 7 Misconceptions about Interoperability
Why do BIM projects and methods disappoint and frustrate new users? It could be because users have unrealistic expectations of BIM methods and results. These expectations come from misconceptions, such as: “BIM is a single central model; BIM saves the architect / engineer money in production; an architect's BIM model serves as the basis for a construction BIM model; IFC doesn't work; IFC is a file transfer, a way to get a BIM from one native platform to another; owners need native BIM data to manage their facilities; and I should be able to ‘round-trip' my BIM data using IFC." The presenter's goal is to expose these misconceptions, discuss the realities and add some background with additional topics, such as: the difference between Interoperability and Magic; Economics 101 and why it works against Interoperability; Local Heroes who drive the need for Interoperability; the Reference Model Workflow and using it effectively for collaboration; 'BIM Coliseums,' where our (federated) models go to do battle; and the future: exchanging native BIM elements using the Design Transfer View MVD in IFC4.
Thursday, 1:45 PM — 3:15 PM
Foiled by the Banks? How a Lender's Decision May Support or Undermine a Jurisdiction's Environmental Policies that Promote Green Buildings
A United Nations Environmental Program report addressing climate change states that the built environment in both emerging and developed countries accounts for more than 40% of the global energy usage, while also emitting at least one third of the world's greenhouse gasses. The report further asserts that the built environment offers an unsurpassed opportunity to supply cost-effective, lasting and meaningful reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. In response to this call to action, state and local governments have turned to a variety of policies to ensure that real estate developments within their jurisdictions further green building objectives. However, the availability of mortgage financing for the construction or acquisition of green buildings can undermine policymakers' overarching environmental objectives. Many lenders will unintentionally fail to recognize that a green building differs from a traditional one and will undercut these important environmental policies by denying the loan because the underwriters inadvertently misunderstood the unique risks and opportunities associated with these structures. Accordingly, this presentation will address the unique issues associated with mortgages for green buildings, along with proposed solutions that can mitigate exposure to acceptable levels so the lending community can further a more ecologically friendly built environment.
Resilience and the Real Estate Investor
Some investors are increasingly incorporating factors such as sustainability and ethical standards into their investment decisions. Is resilience a factor in real estate investment decision making? How much should it be? In addition to the public good of increased resilience, do investors see real or potential monetary rewards for investing in real estate that has enhanced resilience? The speaker will present findings from research that RICS is conducting in the area of resilience. RICS is conducting this research in line with its commitment to the Industry Statement of Resilience. The presentation will examine the potential outcome resilience can have on the value of structures, paying attention to factors such as lifecycle, minimized downtime and the overlap with sustainability and how these factors impact Return on Investment. He also will examine whether these factors are being included in investment decisions, whether they are given appropriate weight and what, if anything, can be done to promote a better alignment between the impact of resilience enhancements and market value.
PACE Financing for a High-Performing Future
Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing is a simple and effective way to finance energy efficiency, renewable and water conservation upgrades in buildings. PACE overcomes challenges that have hindered implementation of clean energy projects by providing 100% financing and terms of up to 20 years, which makes projects immediately cash-flow positive and buildings more valuable. The main objective for this discussion is to educate and inform industry professionals on how using PACE can help scale business opportunities and on best practices for getting involved with this growing market. The discussion will cover three main topics: 1) Description of PACE: An overview of the details of this tax-assessment based financing mechanism, and how public-private partnerships contribute to the growing success of PACE. PACE can pay for heating and cooling systems, lighting, solar, water pumps, insulation and more for almost any property: homes, commercial, industrial, non-profit and agricultural. 2) The National PACE Market: PACE legislation has been passed in 33 states, which together comprise 80% of the U.S. population. The market has surpassed $2 billion in PACE funding and property owners are using PACE because it saves money and makes buildings more valuable. State and local governments sponsor PACE financing to create jobs, promote economic development and protect the environment. 3) Best Practices for Becoming Involved: PACE is a tool that industry professionals can use to help reach existing efficiency goals and capitalize on building new ones. The presenter will discuss tried and true methods for success.
Thursday, 1:45 PM — 3:15 PM
Facility Energy Security: Cybersecuring the Energy Life Cycle
The Internet of Things (IoT), cloud, mobile computing and the convergence of information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) is evolving at such a rapid pace that the conventional IT cybersecurity practices can no longer ensure these converged systems can be properly cybersecured. Energy security is fundamental to every aspect of modern life; loss of power, variations in power quality, physical damage, loss of life and injury, and major economic damage can now be accomplished by a remote actor with malicious intent. The session will examine cybersecuring the energy lifecycle, from the national utility grid, to the regional and campus microgrid, and down to building and vehicle nanogrids, as the nation is moving rapidly to achieve net-zero energy (NZE) facilities. To cybersecure these highly connected and internet-exposed systems will require new design, operations and machine-to-machine complex interactions that are able to identify, contain, eradicate and recover from malware and exploits. The session will illustrate some of the current legacy vulnerabilities such as Aurora Attacks, Operation Cleaver, Operation Dust Storm, HAVEX and Black Energy, and then examine new and emerging technologies, such as passive optical networks (PONS), Host Identity Protocol (HIP), end-point device encryption and real-time threat analysis tools that can be used in a systems engineering approach to cybersecuring the facility energy supply chain and life cycle.
Identifying and Communicating Requirements for Facility Information
Information standardization can be described as going through various steps. These steps have been standardized in the National BIM Standard- United States® Version 1, Standard Development and Use Process. In the “Program" phase, roles are identified for people needing specific information, people in position to provide such information and details describing the specific information to be exchanged. In the “Design" phase, requirements are used to generate technical specifications describing precisely how data is to be captured and encoded for software vendors to read or write. In the “Construct" phase, software vendors use the technical specifications provided to implement support for reading and writing. In the context of the building industry where there are hundreds of disciplines, rather than making hundreds of separate standards it is generally preferable to start with an overall standard that is already supported in industry—commonly Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)—and then adapt it for specific usage. This session will show how to use IFC and the supporting standards Information Delivery Manual (IDM)/Model View Definition (MVD) and buildingSMART Data Dictionary (bSDD) to identify requirements that can be fulfilled by applications/services to meet owner requirements.
Thursday, 3:30 PM — 5:00 PM
The Evolving Role of Codes in Achieving Resilience
The White House convened the White House Conference on Resilient Building Codes on May 10, 2016, to bring increased attention to the important role of codes and standards in achieving a resilient nation. The objectives of this presentation will be to discuss the importance of the conference and the topics of discussion that could impact the process and methodology used in developing and administering our national codes and standards. Topical areas will include: 1. The disconnect between scientific data and the codes. This will include events not currently addressed in national codes and relationships; 2. Changing the paradigm from basing code requirements on historical data/past events to current science of predicting future events; 3. Moving more towards performance based requirements versus prescriptive; 4. Discussion on the report, Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: An Independent Study to Assess the Future Savings from Mitigation Activities, which documented how every $1 spent on mitigation saves society an average of $4. Since that study was published, though the findings are still relevant, the building community mitigation landscape itself has changed; and 5. Discussion on the Institute's white paper by the Multihazard Mitigation Council, Developing Pre-Disaster Resilience Based on Public and Private Incentivization.
Building Codes: the Natural Path to Building Resilience
Resilience—the ability to absorb or avoid damage without suffering complete failure—has emerged as a prime focus of the building industry. The devastation of Irene, Lee, Sandy and other recent natural disasters has prompted government leaders to call for a building infrastructure better prepared to withstand the forces of extreme weather events and other evolving issues. While the policy debate continues, a widespread consensus has begun to coalesce around new construction and performance benchmarks intended to increase building resilience. However, many of those requirements already exist in the form of national model codes and standards. This presentation will chronicle the evolution of provisions for building resilience found in the International Codes, including the current 2015 edition, and previewing new requirements scheduled for publication in the 2018 International Codes. Also, the presentation will describe the International Code Council code development process, illustrating its utility as the natural mechanism to advance national objectives for building resilience, and as an invaluable resource for state and local adoption of building codes and standards.
Thursday, 3:30 PM — 5:00 PM
The Next BIM Generation: Focused on Fulfilling the Original BIM Vision
The speaker will present a comprehensive BIM eco-system of information modeling, comparison, analysis and tracking. This BIM approach forms a reliable basis for decisions about, and throughout, the facility's life cycle. This is possible because it integrates key facility information: function, constraints, demands, performance, program, design parameters, equipment, first costs, energy, operating expenses and so on. A BIM eco-system is needed to integrate and optimize facility and occupant (functional) performance. It also fulfills the original buildingSMART alliance and National BIM Standard-United States® vision of BIM as, “a digital representation of a facility's physical and functional characteristics. BIM is a shared knowledge resource of information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life cycle; from inception, onward." An emerging BIM eco-system will be demonstrated through information exchange between several BIM tools: Autodesk Revit and Dynamo Studio, ONUMA Planning System, SEPS2BIM, FM Systems, Building Catalyst and Building Life-cycle Modeler.
Making Sense of the Digital World: The Importance of Standards
A tremendous amount of data is being generated today by our buildings, by the equipment and spaces within them and by people who carry and wear devices that emit and receive signals constantly. Standards offer the greatest hope for making sense—and making good use—of the streams of information coming at us from all directions. For facility management and real estate professionals, implementation of standards offers the promise that the dizzying profusion of relevant data coming from multiple sources in multiple formats can be matched, organized, shared and analyzed in ways that benefit decision-making, operations and planning. From this speaker’s presentation, attendees will learn about new ways in which facilities and real estate are producing huge volumes of data and gain insights into ways organizations can implement data standards to improve their business success in the digital age.
Building information modeling (BIM) offers the promise of automated, high fidelity data exchange and integrated delivery process. The IFC data interoperability standard has been under development for more than 20 years. But we still are not able to interface applications easily to support workflows, without tremendous efforts and time. Recently, new operations and structures for specifying and implementing workflow contents have been proposed, with the goal of making exchange linkages between applications increasingly automated. By coupling existing industry standards work with new web data and communications protocols such as XML, OWL and semantic and other web services, the potential for rich and dynamic interoperability may finally be in reach. This session will present an overview of the state of the art in open standards-based data interoperability, including its foundations on IFC and related higher level exchange standards such as Model View Definition (MVD). The speaker will present new research that draws on these existing foundations to create higher-level querying, exchange and interoperability capabilities that demonstrate the potential for leveraging emerging web data exchange paradigms to achieve the promise of data-driven delivery processes in the AEC industry.